We’re coming up on the semester in my district, and it’s a good time to take stock of the year so far and think about opportunities to make changes. So far nearly all of my teachers have been working in triage mode, responding reactively to address needs as they arise, always working to prevent getting overwhelmed. They tend to move from one problem to the next with a high degree of presentism. Similarly, I’ve been working reactively with my teachers, targeting those teachers that I perceive to have the highest needs, and trying to get everyone to a baseline of “this job is doable” before deeply pushing practice. I want to change this in the second semester both for myself and the teachers I work with so that we can push a more philosophical and transformational approach to developing a teaching persona.
To this end I’m scheduling midyear reflection meetings with each teacher. In each of these meetings I’m specifically blocking out time to move our discussions away from the day to day issues and to look at first semester holistically, then setting focus areas for our work in the second semester. In light of my previous thoughts on structuring discussion, I’ve put together a template for the discussion, something of a hybrid between open discussion, and a formal protocol.
The process works as follows with room for individual variation:
Step 1: Begin with an informal post winter break check-in to reestablish the teacher/coach relationship.
This is a quick way to reconnect and remind teachers that I am focused on supporting them as an individual person within the teaching role. They are a human being first, and a teacher second. A trusting relationship is essential to all of our work together, and therefore I need to remember to deliberately inject micro moments of relationship building into the process. I cannot simply jump straight into the work and assume that a relationship will follow. I need to intentionally build collegiality and trust so that my teachers will feel comfortable being vulnerable with me.
Step 2: Explain purpose of mid-year reflection.
The purpose of the meeting is to explicitly step away from the day to day, reactive, work of teaching. Put aside the discipline issues, step away from evaluations, and put down the grading. By stepping back like this we are able to get a more holistic perspective to the work, and we can move in a more proactive direction. This wider perspective is commonly lost on teachers, and they are unable to see bigger patterns in their work due to a myriad of immediate needs.
In addition to the shift in focus, the timing of the meeting is highly intentional. I am a big proponent of making change immediately once a need is identified, however, some changes (such as a change to grading system) need to wait until the semester. Additionally, my teachers with semester classes have a chance to completely reset the structure of their course. With a structured conversation that reflects on first semester, and makes plans for second semester, I can help teachers put their desires into practice at a logical time while continuing to act against the sentiment of, “next year I’d like to…”
Step 3: Move into a reflection on successes to date.
I specifically address successes before areas of growth because of how infrequently my teachers discuss their own success. Whether from a sense of humility, high standards, or a lack of perspective my teachers rarely lead with discussing their successes. Self-critique is far more common. While thoughtful critique of areas of growth is extremely important, it is also important for my teachers to be able to identify and name their areas of strength. This serves to boost teacher morale at a difficult time in the school year, as well as to improve teachers’ reflective accuracy. Appropriately identifying areas of strength and success, is equally important to identifying weaknesses when building a teacher’s ability to self- assess.
In practice, I find that teachers have many more success than they initially give themselves credit for. By taking the time to think critically about success, and not just failure, we can investigate how to maintain successful practices, and how to extend those patterns of success into new areas of instruction. This serves as an important foundation for creating longterm patterns of growth.
Step 4: Ask teacher what they would like to add to their list of successes.
I’ve found great success wording the transition from discussing success to growth as “now that you’ve identified your success so far, what would you like to add to the list?”
This question does two things that benefit the teacher. Initially, this wording honors the list of success and places value on them. There is an agreement between teacher and coach that the previously identified successes are valid. This confirmation is an important piece of feedback that helps teachers improve their self-reflection.
Secondly, there is an assumption inherent in the question that it is possible to grow the list of success, thus reinforcing a growth mindset. This is a subtle move, and extremely important. Continued growth is an essential component of success, and I want the teacher to work from an assumption that these are workable goals. When I, as a coach, assume that my teachers are capable of growth, it makes it easier for them to grow in those areas. This is also an act of modeling. I show that I operate with an assumption of continued growth, and teachers can take that into their working in the classroom to help students grow.
Step 5: Explore how to begin making progress toward those new items.
This is the step where we move from the reflective stage into practical planning. We prioritize from the collaboratively generated list of ideas, and start to lay out the steps by which these areas will be developed. This step is highly differentiated based on the specific needs of the teachers, but the goal is to turn the plans for growth into a reality. The process can vary from a few simple interventions where a teacher needs exposure to new ideas, or it can be a more involved process that requires a teacher to think deeply about their identity as a teacher, and what that means for how to structure their classroom.
So far this process is going well. I am only part way through my caseload, and I am seeing meaningful gains. For some teachers this includes managing difficult teaching assignments, for some it is establishing more collegial relationships with their co-workers, and for others it is finding the personal strength to forge their own path despite external pressure to conform. I am hoping that these midyear meetings will establish the focus I found lacking in the first semester. I also hope that from our first semester work my teachers are empowered with the skills needed to work through many of the smaller issues with teaching more independently, thus allowing me to focus on developing their persona as a teacher and honing the more philosophical aspects of the profession through the second semester.